Despite the nice post-election rally to end 2016, it turned out to be downright…average.
That is if you use the S&P 500 Index as your yardstick.
If you go back to 1928, the average annual return for the S&P 500 (including reinvested dividends) runs just around 10%. 2016 turned in the year with the S&P 500 up 9.54% on a price return basis. Throw in the dividends and it was up 11.96%. The mid-cap and smaller company indexes were up over 20%.
Since the bull market began in early 2009, we’ve been treated to eight-straight years of positive returns for the S&P 500 Index (dividends included), with six of those in double digits. That has a lot of investors wondering if we’re near a top.
I’ll get there in a few minutes…keep reading.
But First, a Look Back at 2016
Looking at the S&P 500 on a point-to-point basis, 2016 was a good year. However, point-to-point masks some major intra-year swings. Read: “Why the Market is Whipsawing”
For the most part, 2016 can be broken down into four distinct periods.
First, the Recession Fear
We started out the year with the specter of four projected rate hikes, poor U.S. economic reports and uproar over a possible Chinese slowdown. This caused the nastiest first two weeks of the year for the S&P 500…ever. Seriously. 2016, with a return of 9.54% to 11.96% (depending on what you did with the dividends) started out as the WORST FIRST TWO WEEKS EVER RECORDED.
Then, by mid-February, the S&P 500 was down 10% for the year while the Barclay’s U.S. Long Term Treasury Index was up 10%. Oh, and don’t forget oil hitting a 13-year low. The Chinese market? Well, the Shanghai Composite fell around 25%.
Here’s how it looked from January 1st, 2016 through February 11th, 2016.
From There…a Recovery
The next period of 2016 can be marked by the day that the shit was fully hitting the fan and came out the other side…February 11th.
One day later, with the fan still running, it was reported that Jamie Dimon bought somewhere around $27 million of JP Morgan Chase (JPM). He’s the guy who runs JPM in case you didn’t recognize his name…Let’s hope he got a negotiated rate on the commissions.
By the middle of March, both the S&P 500 and oil (using the WTI) were positive on the year, and we continued to the end of June.
Here’s how this period of time looked.
Those are very different charts.
Then We Had Brexit and Its Aftermath
The market continued its shifting until Brexit (or more accurately, the British electorate) shocked the world…and the news agencies…and the pollsters…and, well, everyone) on June 23rd by voting to leave the European Union.
Wow. It will be hard to forget the day. And the day after. Thankfully, it was a weekend.
However, when markets started trading we saw the S&P 500 get crushed to the tune of -5.3% over two days. However, even after the British pound hit a 31-year low and the U.S. 10-year Treasury yield fell to its lowest level since at least 1962, the S&P 500 quickly began to…wait for it…RECOVER! And by July 11th, it had moved to print a close that was a record high.
From that point, the S&P 500 pretty much languished, but bonds started to recover. The most interesting part of the year was the spike up in the day leading up to the election with almost every poll predicting a Clinton win.
Though not without excitement, point-to-point, this part of the year was pretty flat. Here’s how it looked.
The DJT Rally
New highs experienced by the major U.S. indexes came despite the unexpected victory by Donald Trump. Most analysts believed a brief but violent selloff would ensue if the outsider won the election. Instead, talk of corporate and individual tax cuts, new spending on infrastructure, the repeal of Obamacare, and regulatory reform all served to spark a late-year rally…the S&P 500 jumped almost 5% from election day through the end of the year.
Here’s how this part of the year looked.
As I stated earlier, the year ended with the S&P 500 up around 10%. When you take it all in, the rocky year that was 2017 looked like this.
What’s in Store for 2017?
Forecasting how stocks will perform any year is dicey business. Simply put, there are too many moving parts to the stock price equation, and each of those moving parts can affect one of the other moving parts.
But it’s always an interesting cerebral exercise to take a stab at some of the tailwinds and risks.
Since WWII, the U.S. economy has had 11 economic expansions. At 73 months, the current expansion is the fourth longest, with the longest being 120 months.
The current recovery isn’t young anymore, but risks for a near-term recession in the U.S. are low. That’s important for investors because Figure 3, below, reveals that most bear markets, defined as a 20% decline, since the late 1950’s were associated with a recession. The one most recent exception was the Crash of 1987.
Thomson Reuters is forecasting a return to S&P 500 profit growth in 2017, which would provide a tailwind for stocks. A gradual upward path in interest rates by the Fed would probably be viewed as a plus, especially if it were in response to an expanding economy.
Trump’s election sparked enthusiasm, primarily because he has touted pro-growth policies and downplayed his more controversial ideas. For example, it’s unknown if his tough trade talk during the election will result in dramatic new barriers to free trade or whether his rhetoric is simply a negotiating ploy.
Of course, there are other unknowns. Will simmering problems in Europe or China bubble to the surface, or will unexpected geopolitical issues surprise investors?
What we have seen during this cycle – problems abroad that have not had a material impact on the U.S. economy– have created temporary angst, but have not killed the current bull market.
Another way to view this? Those who have adhered to a long-range view and side-stepped the inevitable gyrations have profited.
Call with questions.
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