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By now, everyone is familiar with the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), the CARES Act and Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) because they are aimed at helping everyday people.  But today I want to help people understand what happened with something else that was also a big deal – the Fed credit lending facilities.

Even though they are not designed to help everyday people with direct money, they are important to everyone, none-the-less.

Before I get to why, a disclaimer: People reading this who are really smart about the Fed are gonna have to cut me a break on my 3rd grader understanding of all this – I’m simply trying to make this understandable by the general investor and its impact on the market.

So don’t hate, okay?

Back on March 23rd (the date the market started its reversal), the Fed launched two corporate credit facilities.  These facilities allowed the central bank to LEND DIRECTLY to companies that had investment-grade debt. It also facilitated a mechanism to BUY their debt in the secondary market (meaning not directly from them).

The facilities total $750 million.

Size of the whole investment-grade debt market?

$5.7 trillion.

$750m/$5.7t = ~13% of the market.

But then, in April, they expanded the deal to include investment-grade bonds that fell into junk status AFTER March 23rd.

In industry lingo, they were targeting BBB-rated debt, the lowest rating a bond can have and still be considered “investment grade.”  After that, they are considered BB or High Yield…or as Michael Milken would call them, “Junk Bonds”.

So what, right?

Well, the Fed was worried about BBB getting downgraded from “investment grade” to BB junk.  It would be bad if that happened. Again, keeping it at a high level, if big institutions are prohibited from owning junk bonds (and a lot, if not most, are) they would have to sell those bonds.

It would cause a big problem. If you are not investment-grade, you probably can’t borrow any longer.  The fancy term for that is “dislocation,” so if you hear that, that’s what they are referring to.

So, the Fed stepped in to backstop that. Additionally, of the four levels of investment-grade debt; AAA, AA, A, & BBB, there is more in BBB than any of the other four.

So, it’s a LOT of money.  In fact, of the $5.7t in investment-grade debt, BBB accounts for about $3t. It makes sense this is what they were targeting with the facilities.

They also did something similar in the ETF markets, coordinating to buy up to 20% of the available investment grade AND high yield ETFs.

While there are a lot of people screaming that the Fed has bailed out the riskiest borrowers, I don’t see it that way.

Controversial, unprecedented…sure.

But it worked. It unfroze the lending markets. And that’s important to investors who look beyond the actual event.

Because the Fed really ISN’T buying the riskiest assets…If they were, they’d be buying B and CCC-rated debt or other crap.  It’s also of note that they are not buying equities (although a lot of people think they should, I’m just making an observation about buying risky assets…and equities are risky assets).

One big reason the equity markets started to turn back up was that the Fed stopped the credit market from freezing by buying investment-grade credit…and seems to remain committed to that effort.

It’s boring, wonky and not as interesting as PPP, but it’s important.

There is a reason people say “Don’t fight the Fed!” and as of now, the Fed has added A LOT of liquidity into the system.

I’m also not convinced that they are done. I think there will be a lot more liquidity, loans, payments, etc., to come.  This will force investors to embrace risky assets in order to find return – maybe not tomorrow, but over time.

And that’s a really important thing.



Right now, focus on asset allocations and smart equity investing because, over time, I think the equity market will be higher.  The odds are in my favor on that opinion, too.

Sure, things will be interesting…As I write, people are inventing solutions to problems we never thought about in the past.  And I’ll bet there will be plenty of, “Damn, why didn’t I think of that?” inventions over the next few years.

Life won’t be the same and neither will the economy.  This may have accelerated the slow deaths of many industries while accelerating the creation of new ones.

Anyone out there planning to head back to the mall when things get back to normal? After figuring out how streaming works, how many people are going to the movies ever again?  Anyone think that the modern workplace is going to go away or will people go back to traveling, commuting and having massive office spaces?

Hint – wait till you see what Monument looks like going forward as we continue to grow, hire, and figure out our next move with office space when our lease is up in 2023.

Industries that leverage the internet, the cloud, wireless, data centers, smart devices, services, work-from-home, video, AI, at-home learning, and tech will support a new way of living. People will still buy discretionary consumer goods – there will be new opportunities to grow portfolios.

Over time.


Keep looking forward.


Bonus – My hand-drawn chart…I think we are here. And I think that’s a good sign for the economy.

Dave's Hand Drawn Chart

What’s Next?

Investing Before the Market Bottoms - How Bad is the Pain

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