Monument Resource Center
Our clients hire us because they recognize the value of our Team’s unique, straight-forward, unfiltered opinion and our tailored advice designed to answer their questions, not everyone else’s. Below, you’ll find some of the most important questions we have been asked over the years to help you better understand the role we play and the advice we give.
Investing is inherently optimistic. You are investing in the future with the educated belief that it will be better, or more profitable, than right now. If you didn’t believe that, why would you be investing your hard-earned wealth?
In studying for the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) Level 1 exam, I was reading the section on geopolitics and geopolitical risks. With the U.S. government undergoing serious debt ceiling negotiations, this topic was extremely relatable. One of the types of geopolitical risks they cover is called Event Risk, which is defined simply as a risk that is known in advance and revolves around set dates or other date-driven milestones.
The logical follow up to that definition is: if you know an event is on the horizon, shouldn’t you do something to navigate a possible Event Risk?
The short answer is no, but what I really mean is not until you’ve done your homework.
The Rocking Chair of Worry
It’s difficult to make investment decisions around events. It’s easy to get emotional when there is something coming on a known timeline, especially in a world consumed by the media that is always hunting for eyeballs. It’s significantly easier to worry, and whip up media-induced panic, about something that could happen on a specific date. It makes for endless punditry building towards an inevitable climax.
Events like Federal Reserve meetings, inflation data releases and the debt ceiling all have the potential to really upset markets. While there’s plenty to worry about, I’ve never found value in worrying. Van Wilder said it best: “Worrying is like a rocking chair. It gives you something to do but it doesn’t get you anywhere.”
All jokes aside, the financial media does LOVE to make people worry. It’s an old sales and marketing tactic. Fear is a powerful emotion and if you can make people feel that you have a better chance they will act emotionally, not logically.
I can already hear some people calling me a Pollyanna or saying that I’m “whistling past the graveyard.” I’m not arguing to ignore possible risks. What I’m advocating for is thoughtful risk analysis. Events based around a known date also normally have a set of known outcomes. So, a better approach is to define the outcomes and determine their probability, impact, and velocity. This is the same process the CFA curriculum advocates for.
Doing Your Homework on Event Risk
At Monument, we advocate for operating on probabilities, not possibilities.
First you should figure out the likelihood of each outcome. Be objective in your predictions, and work to remove your personal biases. Too many times investors will see the world how they think it should be, instead of how it is or is likely to be. Assigning probabilities can feel like a bit of guesswork but gets easier when you look at historical data as your guide. For example, the U.S. government has never failed to raise the debt limit. According to the Treasury Department, Congress has acted 78 separate times since 1960 to address the debt limit. Is it probable that the next time will be different? History says no.
History will also help you in the second step of laying out the potential impacts for each outcome. “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it often rhymes,” so crack open the history books and find comparisons to get an idea of what has happened in the past. Just because it happened a certain way previously, doesn’t mean it will unfold the exact same way now, but having that frame of reference will help because admittedly trying to figure out the impact is the hardest part.
Sometimes it may not go as expected. Take for example the May 2023 debacle with the debt ceiling. I think there were plenty of investors who would’ve thought the impact of an agreement would result in a jump in stocks. Well… the day after an agreement was reached, we saw the S&P 500 up +0.0029%, which was the smallest gain in about four years. I’m not sure how many investors had that on their bingo card.
Finally, you still need to assess the velocity of the potential impacts, or how quickly they will be felt by your portfolio. A high velocity impact is one that is felt instantly, and while they can be severe, they tend to be resolved quickly. Brief selloffs may present opportunities to try and time the market by being tactical with your portfolio, but these are nearly impossible to execute successfully. You may get lucky timing the market once, however very few (if any) investors can do it consistently. With a high velocity event, it’s unlikely that any changes to your long-term asset allocation are necessary. That is as long as you have a sufficient time horizon and ample cash reserves to ride out any market volatility.
On the other end, if an impact is thought to be low velocity, that is something that could be felt slowly over the years to come. In that case, it’s important to give your portfolio extra attention to decide what actions are necessary. This may require significant changes to your asset classes or investment styles. While there may not be instant pain felt by your portfolio, a low velocity event is one that can do irreparable harm to your long-term financial picture if not addressed appropriately for your specific situation.
Use Logic to Overcome Your Worry
This process creates a spectrum of how to view an event which then allows you to weigh the costs versus the benefits of acting. There might be a significant cost to remove a high impact, high velocity, but low probability event from your portfolio. In that case, it’s probably not worth it. But if it only costs a little bit, it might be worth removing the possible impact from even a low probability event to give you more peace of mind. Regardless, by assessing the probabilities, impacts, and velocities of an event’s outcomes, you can reduce the emotion around an event and logically figure out the next steps, if any.
Your wealth manager should never lead with or stoke your fears. It is their job to help you make logical decisions. Instead, they should instill comfort and nurture optimism that is based on thoughtful analysis. More importantly, all the decisions need to be backed by a rock-solid wealth plan built around a systematic, rules-based approach to investing. Nothing good happens in your portfolio or financial plan when emotions are the driving force behind decisions. So, if you feel like you’re stuck in a rocking chair of worry, let us help you work through those concerns to get you where you want and need to go.
Listen to Portfolio Manager, Erin Hay, Discuss How to Move Beyond Worry During Market Downturns
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